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Cities in India

Major cities in India


Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay, is India’s most populous city. Millions of people live on an island which is connected to the mainland. Mumbai is the center of banking and business, as well as India’s film industry, Bollywood. Originally a Portuguese trading post, Mumbai was given to the British in the 17th century.


Today the city is divided. Old Delhi, with many historic buildings and mosques was built in the 1600s. New Delhi, which became India’s capital, was built in the early part of the 20th century. It is a designed city with many broad roads and government buildings.


Kolkata is the largest city in the eastern part of India. Also known as Calcutta, the city lies in the Ganges River delta, about 150 km from the coast. Today, it struggles with overpopulation and poverty .


Bangalore is regarded as India’s Silicon Valley. The city has many universities and research institutes.


Chennai is the biggest industrial and commercial center of Southern India.


The city developed into a major center of Islamic culture in India. In former times it was the center of pearl trading.

Lotus temple in New Delhi
Image: A.Savin, FAL, via Wikimedia Commons

Image: Ravikan Rao (Ravikiranr), CC BY-SA 4.0,
via Wikimedia Commons