English Across the Curriculum

The Olympic Games


The Olympic Games are an international sports competition which are held every four years in a different city. Thousands of athletes from all over the world compete against each other in individual and team sports. Over 1 billion people watch the games on TV.

The first Olympic Games were held in Greece in 776 B.C. They were called the ancient games and lasted until the 4th century A.D. The modern games began in 1896, when the Frenchman Pierre de Coubertin revived the games to bring peace and friendship to the young people all over the world.

Today, there are summer and winter games. Up to 1994 both games were held in the same year, but now they are staged two years apart from each other.

Opening ceremony 2020 Olympics

Opening ceremony of the 2021 Olympic Games in Tokyo
Image: Rede do Esporte, CC BY 3.0 BR,
via Wikimedia Commons