London - Capital of The UK

Sights of London

Buckingham Palace is the most famous of London's many royal palaces. Constructed in the 18th century , it is located at the end of the Mall, one of London's broadest roads. The Queen and her family live in a part of the palace. Other parts can be visited by tourists. The Changing of the Guard is a ceremony that takes place every day.

Buckingham Palace

The Tower of London is one of the oldest buildings in the city. The fortress consists of several buildings around a central tower . It is situated on the northern bank of the River Thames . For many centuries the Tower of London served as a prison . Among the most famous prisoners were the explorer Sir Walter Raleigh and Anne Boleyn, one of Henry VIII's wives who was beheaded there. Today visitors are able to see the Crown Jewels of England which were originally protected by Beefeaters and the Tower's ravens .

Tower of London

The Tower Bridge , near the Tower of London, may be London's most impressive landmark . The bridge is over a hundred years old and can be raised to let ships pass through. The two towers and the walkway that connects them give visitors a great view of London.

Tower Bridge

St. Paul's Cathedral was rebuilt in the 17th century by the great English architect Sir Christopher Wren after the original building had been destroyed by the Great Fire of London in 1666. It has the largest dome in the world after St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.

St. Paul's Cathedral

Westminster Abbey is located near the Houses of Parliament. Since its construction by William the Conqueror in 1066 almost all of the country's kings and queens have been crowned there. Monarchs and famous people are buried in the abbey . Among them are Charles Darwin and Sir Isaac Newton.

Westminster Abbey

The Houses of Parliament are located in the city of Westminster alongside the River Thames . Both the House of Commons and the House of Lords hold their meetings in the palace. Big Ben , the clock tower's famous bell , has been chiming since the middle of the 19th century .

Houses of Parliament

The city of London is well known for its large and beautiful parks. Hyde Park is the largest of London's royal parks. It is about 2 km long and over 1 km wide. Hyde Park is a popular area for free time activities, including jogging, running and horse riding. Speaker's Corner, near the north-eastern entrance of Hyde Park is a place where Londoners gather and listen to people who talk about all kinds of things. The Serpentine is a large artificial lake where people can go swimming or rowing . London has many other parks, including St. James's Park, with a great view of Buckingham Palace, and Green Park.

The Serpentine in Hyde Park

Greenwich is a famous district in the eastern part of London. Tourists either take a Thames boat ride there or go by the Dockland's Light Railway. Greenwich is famous for British naval history. The National Maritime Museum shows exhibits from a time when Britain was the world's biggest sea power.
The Royal Observatory has a planetarium and a museum with a display of astronomical and navigational instruments. The prime meridian of the world goes through the observatory. It divides the world into an eastern and western hemisphere .

Greenwich and the National Maritime Museum

A giant Ferris wheel rises 135 m high on the south bank of the River Thames. It was built as a part of London's millennium celebrations . Each egg-shaped cabin can take up to 25 passengers. A complete turn of the wheel takes 30 minutes.

London Eye

One of the royal family's official residences is the largest inhabited castle in the world. It lies about 30 km west of London. In the course of history it has been changed several times.

Windsor Castle

The former fruit and vegetable market is always a crowded place , especially during weekends and in the summertime. Today it is known for its open-air cafes, restaurants, pubs and street performers .

Covent Garden