How To Help
When someone has been hurt or has had an accident, the first thing to do is get help. If you don't know the phone number of the local doctor or hospital dial an emergency number. Every country has special phone numbers for ambulance, fire department and police.
When you call for help you should be able to give correct information. An ambulance needs to know where the injured person is located and what exactly has happened. In some cases, you will be given instructions on what to do until a doctor or ambulance arrives.
Sometimes you cannot wait until help arrives. You must begin helping a person at once, especially if the victim is bleeding strongly, has been poisoned or if breathing has stopped. Even if you wait for a short time this can be fatal . Here are some important rules for immediate help .
- Do not move a person who may have a broken bone , internal injuries or an injured spine unless you really have to.
- If the victim is lying down, keep the person in that position. Do not allow them to walk or stand up.
- Never give food or liquid to a person who may need an operation.
- If the victim is unconscious turn the head to one side to keep the person from choking .But do not move the head of a person who may have a spinal injury .
- Never give water to a person who is unconscious .
- Make sure that the victim has an open airway . The nose, mouth and throat should be clear in order for them to breathe .
- Make the victim comfortable, but touch a person only if you have to.
- If necessary move the victim away from the sun or put them into the shade .
- Remain calm and talk to the injured person. Explain what is being done and say that help is on its way.