Burns and Frostbite

The first aid treatment of burns depends on how severe the burns are. First degree burns show a reddening of the skin. Second degree burns damage deeper skin layers and third degree burns destroy tissue of deeper layers of skin. To treat a first and second degree burn put ice on it or run cold water over it. Then put on sterile bandages . A person who has third degree burns should not be treated at home . When you treat burns never open blisters and do not put oil or other greasy substances on the burn.

Types of burns

BruceBlaus, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons


Frostbite occurs when a person has been in extremely cold weather for a long time. It mostly affects the skin of the ears, fingers , nose or toes . Frostbitten skin appears pale or grayish blue and feels numb . It should be treated gently . Warm the affected area with the heat of your hand or cover it with clothes until you can get the victim indoors. Thaw the skin by putting it in lukewarm water. Never use water that is hotter than 40°C. If you get blisters do not open them.

Frostbitten toes from climbing a mountain

Dr. S. Falz, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons