Burns and Frostbite
The first aid treatment
of burns depends on
the burns are. First degree burns show a reddening
of the skin. Second degree burns damage deeper skin layers and third degree burns destroy tissue
of deeper layers of skin.
To treat a first and second degree burn put ice on it or run
cold water over it. Then put on sterile bandages
. A person who has third degree burns should not be treated at home .
When you treat burns never open blisters
and do not put oil or other greasy substances
on the burn.
Frostbite occurs when a person has been in extremely
cold weather for a long time. It mostly affects
the skin of the ears, fingers , nose or toes
. Frostbitten skin appears pale
or grayish blue and feels numb
. It should be treated gently
. Warm the affected
area with the heat of your hand or cover it with clothes until you can get the victim
the skin by putting it in lukewarm
water. Never use water that is hotter than 40°C. If you get blisters
do not open them.